1. Thales (about 624-550 BC), the earliest philosopher in ancient Greece. Miletus school”Water is the origin of all things” is considered to be the first philosophical proposition in the West. He was alsoAs a pioneer of philosophical materialism.
2. Pythagoras (about 580-500 B.C.) was born in Samoa in the Ionian Sea areaThe island of Los Angeles. The founder and leader of the Pythagorean sect. The school proposed that number is the origin of all things, and number is numerousUnchanged, they believe that number is the wisest, harmony is the best, and that the soul is immortal.
3. Lao zi (571-471 B.C.) was a thinker in the spring and Autumn period with the surname of Li, the name of ER and the word Boyang,The founder of Taoism. The only works he left behind are “five thousand texts”, namely “Tao Te Ching”, also known as “Lao Zi”Son. Its core concept is “Tao”, which puts forward the idea of inaction of heaven and the idea of “Tao often does nothing but does everything”.
4. Sakyamuni (565-485 BC), founder of Buddhism. His last name is Gautama,His name is Siddhartha, which translates “the achiever of righteousness”, and he is honored as Sakyamuni. an indian. The Buddha’s thought represents the timeThe interests and views of a certain class. The main theories are: four truths theory, origin theory, impermanence, selflessness theory, karma wheelHuilun and nirvana. There was no book before his death. After his death, his words and deeds were recorded and compiled by his disciples into scriptures, lawsOn Sanzang.
5. Confucius (551-479 BC) was a great thinker and politician in the late spring and Autumn periodHe is the founder of Confucianism. His study takes “benevolence” as the core, advocates the way of “loyalty and forgiveness”, andTake filial piety as the foundation of benevolence. He believed in destiny and attached importance to man-made; In education, it advocates teaching students according to their aptitude; Political mentionThe proposition of “rectifying the name” holds that “kings, ministers, fathers and sons” should conform to their names; Advocate moralityGovernance and education. His main works are the Analects of Confucius.
6. Parmenides (about 540-470 BC) was born in Elijah, the philosopher of Elijah schoolThe main representative of learning thought. He is the author of “on nature”. He pointed out the way of truth and opinionDistinction: the way of opinion knows the feeling object according to people’s habits; The path of truth is debated with reason, “yesThe “one” is the object of truth.
7. Heraclitus (ca. 535-475 BC) was born in the royal family of ophis. It’s loveRepresentative of the Firth school. He believes that fire is the origin of all things, and the transformation of fire into all things is the consumption and extinction of fire,The transformation of all things into fire is the abundance and combustion of fire. He is the author of “on nature”, and the remaining articles are retained.
8. Socrates (about 469-399 BC) ancient Greek philosopher, Athenian. HisSeveral important philosophical propositions are “know yourself” and “virtue is knowledge”. He takes the object of philosophy from itselfThe great philosopher who turned to mankind. His life stories and thoughts are mainly sorted out in memoirs by his studentsYes.
9. Zhai, the name of Mozi (about 468-376 BC), was a thinker, educator and scholar in the late spring and Autumn period and the early Warring States period,Founder of Mohist school. Mozi’s theories and thoughts are included in Mozi, among which Shang is a representativeFuneral of immortals, funeral of immortals, festival of immortality, festival of immortality”Immortality” and other articles. Mozi’s theory and thought mainly includes the following points: ① love both non attack ② heaven Zhiming ghost ③It is still the same as that of the sages.
10. Plato (427-347 BC) was an objective idealist philosopher in ancient Greece. Put forward “reason””Reading theory” holds that the idea is one and all things are the division of the idea, and points out that the soul is immortal and all things learnAll in memory. His representative works include “Parmenides”, “the state”, “Phaedo” and so on.
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