Top 100 Most Influential Historical Figures (Part 4): List of National Historical Figures (for reference only)

ordernameHistorical timeIdentity and influence
76Frank Lloyd Wright1867-1959The most influential architects in the United States oppose the “reinforced concrete jungle” and advocate the pastoral architectural style. The Imperial Hotel in Tokyo and the Larkin building in New York are their masterpieces.
77Betty Friedan1921-2006The spokesperson of the feminist movement in the 1960s, she told their grievances and resentments on behalf of housewives, which greatly promoted the “second sex” revolution under patriarchy.
78John Brown1800-1859The leader of the abolitionist movement. Is he a hero, a fanatic, or both? It is undeniable that he wiped out the spark of civil war.
79Louis Armstrong1900-1971His talent and charm brought jazz from country cottages to Broadway and into the film and television industry.
80William Randolph Hearst1863-1951The leader of newspaper trust, the initiator of news hype, and the outbreak of the Spanish American war can not do without his stirring up the flames.
81Margaret Mead1901-1978Anthropologist, “Samoan adulthood” brought her academic reputation and criticism.
82George Gallup1901-1984The founder of the poll.
83James Fenimore Cooper1789-1851He created three different types of novels in the history of American literature, namely American revolutionary history novels, frontier adventure novels and maritime adventure novels.
84Thurgood Marshall1908-1993The first black judge of the Supreme Court of the United States (1967), once served as deputy inspector general (1965-1967).
85Ernest Miller Hemingway1899-1961The representative of the “lost generation”, with unique style and refined style, won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954.
86Mary Baker Eddy1821-1910The founder of Christian Science School, who believed that the spiritual power of Christ could heal wounds. She discovered “Christian Science” (1866) and founded the Christian Science Monitor
87Benjamin Spock1903-1998One of his “baby care knowledge” became a best-selling book in the “baby boom” era, affecting the health care of a whole generation of American mothers and infants.
88Enrico Fermi1901-1954Italian American scientist who won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1938 and went to the United States in 1939. He is an important figure in the Manhattan Project and is known as the “father of atomic energy” of mankind. In 1942, he presided over the establishment of the world’s first nuclear reactor – Chicago pile-1.
89Walter Lippmann1889-1974Harvard top student, news critic, world-famous political columnist.
90Jonathan Edwards1703-1758Metaphysical theorist, Christian Puritan theological theorist, tirelessly teaches people, and believes that the real virtue is the wholehearted love for God.
91Lyman Beecher1775-1863Mrs. sto’s father, an abolitionist and inspirational preacher.
92John Steinbeck1902-1968He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1962. He described the tragic picture of agricultural workers during the great depression.
93Nat Turner1800-1831“Spartacus” slaves led slaves to rise (1831), killed 57 whites within a few days, and were sentenced to hanging after being captured. His ghost haunted southern whites for a century.
94George Eastman1854-1932Inventor, founder of Kodak photographic equipment company (1892).
95Samuel Goldwyn1882-1974Film producer, who once presided over MGM film company, has been famous in Hollywood film industry for nearly 40 years.
96Ralph Nader1934-Lawyer, leader of consumer protection movement and environmentalist, set up “automobile safety center”. The modern “Don Quixote”, as the “third force” presidential candidate, went shirtless four times and failed to catch four times, diverting the votes of Democratic candidates and indirectly enabling George W. Bush to win the presidential election.
97Stephen Foster1826-1864The first great American composer wrote about 200 songs, most of which wrote their own lyrics. The melody was simple and smooth, “Oh, Susanna!” “Old nigger” and “my old Kentucky hometown” have been singing for a long time.
98Booker T. Washington1856-1915Black educator and politician, founded Kentucky industrial normal college.
99Richard Nixon1913-1994The 37th President of the United States (1969-1974), a Republican, his ice melting trip opened the door to the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States. He broke the long-term ruling situation of the Democratic Party since Roosevelt’s new deal except Eisenhower’s term, and resigned sadly due to the “Watergate incident”.
100Herman Melville1819-1891The author of Moby Dick, later known as Shakespeare in the United States.

Quoted from Atlantic Monthly, December 2006,For reference only.

Author: listenerxu
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