Category: Culture

Culture, broad refers to the human beings in the process of the social practice of material and spiritual production capacity and create the sum of material and spiritual wealth, narrow refers to the spiritual production capacity and spiritual products, including all social consciousness forms: natural science, technology, science, social ideology, sometimes specifically refers to education, science, art, and other knowledge and facilities. Culture-Culture Technology-Culture Information-Culture Project.
The traditional human concept believes that culture is a social phenomenon, which is the product of the long-term creation formed by human beings, and it is also a historical phenomenon and the accumulation of human society and history. Culture-Culture Technology-Culture Information-Culture Project.
It covers the history of intelligent groups from the past to the future and is all the activities of groups based on nature. It is the whole of all the material appearances and spiritual interiors of the group.
Wen refers to all phenomena or forms. Astronomy refers to natural phenomena, that is, the intricate and colorful natural world formed by the interaction of yin and yang, hardness and softness, positive and negative forces, and male and female forces.
The primary human activity is to observe and understand all the existing natural phenomena and make them condensed into definite knowledge. The purpose and significance of this level of cultural activities are to prepare for the foundation of advanced cultural activities.

World Literature – Chinese Literature – Chinese Language Learning and Improvement

《寒(hán)窑(yáo)赋(fù)》原(yuán)文(wén)如(rú)下(xià): 天有不测风云(tiān yǒu bú cè fēng yún),人有旦夕祸福(rén yǒu dàn xī huò fú)。蜈蚣(wú gōng)百(bǎi)足(zú),行(xíng)不(bù)及(jí)蛇(shé);雄鸡(xióng jī)两翼(liǎng yì),飞(fēi)不过(bú guò)鸦(yā)。马(mǎ)有(yǒu)千(qiān)里(lǐ)之(zhī)程(chéng),无(wú)骑(qí)不能(bù néng)自(zì)往(wǎng);人(rén)有(yǒu)冲(chōng)天(tiān)之(zhī)志(zhì),非(fēi)运(yùn)不(bù)能(néng)自(zì)通(tōng)。盖(gài)闻(wén):人(rén)生(shēng)在(zài)世(shì),富(fù)贵(guì)不(bù)能(néng)淫(yín),贫(pín)贱(jiàn)不(bù)能(néng)移(yí)。 文章(wénzhāng)盖世(gàishì),孔子(kǒngzǐ)厄(è)于陈邦(yúchénbāng);武略(wǔlüè)超群(chāoqún),太公(tàigōng)钓(diào)于(yú)渭(wèi)水(shuǐ)。颜(yán)渊(yuān)命(mìng)短(duǎn),殊(shū)非(fēi)凶恶(xiōngè)之(zhī)徒(tú);盗(dào)跖(zhí)年长(niánzhǎng),岂是(qǐshì)善良(shànliáng)之辈(zhībèi)。尧帝(yáodì)明(míng)圣(shèng), 却(què)生(shēng)不肖(búxiào)之(zhī)儿(ér);瞽(gǔ)叟(sǒu)愚顽(yúwán),反(fǎn)生(shēng)大(dà)孝(xiào)之(zhī)子(zǐ)。张良(zhāngliáng)原(yuán)是(shì)布衣(bùyī),萧何(xiāohé)称谓(chēngwèi)县吏(xiànlì)。晏子身(yànzǐshēn)无(wú)五(wǔ)尺(chǐ),封(fēng)作(zuò)齐国(qíguó)宰相(zǎixiàng);孔明(kǒngmíng)卧(wò)居(jū)草(cǎo)庐(lú),能(néng)作(zuò)蜀汉(shǔhàn)军师(jūnshī)。楚(chǔ)霸(bà)虽(suī)雄(xióng),败(bài)于(yú)乌江(wūjiāng)自刎(zìwěn);汉王(hànwáng)虽(suī)弱(ruò),竟(jìng)有(yǒu)万(wàn)里(lǐ)江山(jiāngshān)。李(lǐ)广(guǎng)有(yǒu)射(shè)虎(hǔ)之(zhī)威(wēi),到(dào)老(lǎo)无(wú)封(fēng);冯(féng)唐(táng)有(yǒu)乘(chéng)龙(lóng)之(zhī)才(cái),一(yì)生(shēng)不(bú)遇(yù)。韩(hán)信(xìn)未(wèi)遇(yù)之(zhī)时(shí),无(wú)一(yí)日(rì)三(sān)餐(cān),及(jí)至(zhì)遇(yù)行(háng),腰(yāo)悬(xuán)三(sān)尺(chǐ)玉(yù)印(yìn),一(yí)旦(dàn)时(shí)衰(shuāi),死(sǐ)于(yú)阴(yīn)人(rén)之(zhī)手(shǒu)。 有(yǒu)先(xiān)贫(pín)而后(érhòu)富(fù),有(yǒu)老(lǎo)壮(zhuàng)而(ér)少(shǎo)衰(shuāi)。满腹(mǎnfù)文章(wénzhāng),白发(báifà)竟然(jìngrán)不(bù)中(zhōng);才(cái)疏(shū)学(xué)浅(qiǎn),少(shào)年(nián)及(jí)第(dì)登(dēng)科(kē)。深(shēn)院(yuàn)宫(gōng)娥(é),运(yùn)退(tuì)反(fǎn)为(wéi)妓(jì)妾(qiè);风(fēng)流(liú)妓(jì)女(nǚ),时(shí)来(lái)配(pèi)作(zuò)夫(fū)人(rén)。青(qīng)春(chūn)美(měi)女(nǚ),却(què)招(zhāo)愚(yú)蠢(chǔn)之(zhī)夫(fū);俊(jùn)秀(xiù)郎(láng)君(jūn),反(fǎn)配(pèi)粗(cū)丑(chǒu)之(zhī)妇(fù)。蛟(jiāo)龙(lóng)未(wèi)遇(yù),潜(qián)水(shuǐ)于(yú)鱼(yú)鳖(biē)之(zhī)间(jiān);君(jūn)子(zǐ)失(shī)时(shí),拱(gǒng)手(shǒu)于(yú)小(xiǎo)人(rén)之(zhī)下(xià)。衣(yī)服(fu)虽(suī)破(pò),常(cháng)存(cún)仪(yí)礼(lǐ)之(zhī)容(róng);面(miàn)带(dài)忧(yōu)愁(chóu),每(měi)抱(bào)怀(huái)安(ān)之(zhī)量(liàng)。时(shí)遭(zāo)不(bú)遇(yù),只(zhī)宜(yí)安(ān)贫(pín)守(shǒu)份(fèn);心(xīn)若(ruò)不(bù)欺(qī),必(bì)然(rán)扬(yáng)眉(méi)吐(tǔ)气(qì)。初(chū)贫(pín)君(jūn)子(zǐ),天(tiān)然(rán)骨(gǔ)骼(gé)生(shēng)成(chéng);乍(zhà)富(fù)小(xiǎo)人(rén),不(bù)脱(tuō)贫(pín)寒(hán)肌(jī)体(tǐ)。天(tiān)不(bù)得(dé)时(shí),日(rì)月(yuè)无(wú)光(guāng);地(dì)不(bù)得(dé)时(shí),草(cǎo)木(mù)不(bù)生(shēng);水(shuǐ)不(bù)得(dé)时(shí),风(fēng)浪(làng)不(bù)平(píng);人(rén)不(bù)得(dé)时(shí),利(lì)运(yùn)不(bù)通(tōng)。注(zhù)福(fú)注(zhù)禄(lù),命(mìng)里(lǐ)已(yǐ)安(ān)排(pái)定(dìng),富(fù)贵(guì)谁(shuí)不(bù)欲(yù)?人(rén)若(ruò)不(bù)依(yī)根(gēn)基(jī)八(bā)字(zì),岂(qǐ)能(néng)为(wéi)卿(qīng)为(wéi)相(xiāng)? 吾(wú)昔(xī)寓(yù)居(jū)洛(luò)阳(yáng),朝(cháo)求(qiú)僧(sēng)餐(cān),暮(mù)宿(xiǔ)破(pò)窖(jiào),思(sī)衣(yī)不(bù)可(kě)遮(zhē)其(qí)体(tǐ),思(sī)食(shí)不(bù)可(kě)济(jì)其(qí)饥(jī),上(shàng)人(rén)憎(zēng),下(xià)人(rén)厌(yàn),人(rén)道(dào)我(wǒ)贱(jiàn),非(fēi)我(wǒ)不(bù)弃(qì)也(yě)。今(jīn)居(jū)朝(cháo)堂(táng),官(guān)至(zhì)极(jí)品(pǐn),位(wèi)置(zhì)三(sān)公(gōng),身(shēn)虽(suī)鞠(jū)躬(gōng)于(yú)一(yì)人(rén)之(zhī)下(xià),而(ér)列(liè)职(zhí)于(yú)千(qiān)万(wàn)人(rén)之(zhī)上(shàng),有(yǒu)挞(tà)百(bǎi)僚(liáo)之(zhī)杖(zhàng),有(yǒu)斩(zhǎn)鄙(bǐ)吝(lìn)之(zhī)剑(jiàn),思(sī)衣(yī)而(ér)有(yǒu)罗(luó)锦(jǐn)千(qiān)箱(xiāng),思(sī)食(shí)而(ér)有(yǒu)珍(zhēn)馐(xiū)百(bǎi)味(wèi),出(chū)则(zé)壮(zhuàng)士(shì)执(zhí)鞭(biān),入(rù)则(zé)佳(jiā)人(rén)捧(pěng)觞(shāng),上(shàng)人(rén)宠(chǒng),下(xià)人(rén)拥(yōng)。人(rén)道(dào)我(wǒ)贵(guì),非(fēi)我(wǒ)之(zhī)能(néng)也(yě),此(cǐ)乃(nǎi)时(shí)也(yě)、运(yùn)也(yě)、命(mìng)也(yě)。 嗟(jiē)呼(hū)!人(rén)生(shēng)在(zài)世(shì),富(fù)贵(guì)不(bù)可(kě)尽(jìn)用(yòng),贫(pín)贱(jiàn)不(bù)可(kě)自(zì)欺(qī),听(tīng)由(yóu)天地(tiāndì)循环(xúnhuán),周(zhōu)而(ér)复(fù)始(shǐ)焉(yān)。 )()()()()()() 《寒(hán)窑(yáo)赋(fù)》译(yì)文(wén)如(rú)下(xià): 天气(tiānqì)有(yǒu)预测(yùcè)不(bù)到(dào)的(de)风(fēng)和(hé)云(yún),人(rén)也(yě)会(huì)有(yǒu)早晚(zǎowǎn)遇到(yùdào)的(de)灾祸(zāihuò)与(yǔ)喜事(xǐshì)。蜈蚣(wúgōng)有(yǒu)上百(shàngbǎi)只(zhī)足(zú),但(dàn)却(què)不(bù)如(rú)蛇(shé)行(xíng)走(zǒu)得(dé)好(hǎo)。家(jiā)鸡(jī)翅(chì)膀(bǎng)虽(suī)然(rán)很(hěn)大(dà),却(què)不(bù)能(néng)像(xiàng)鸟(niǎo)一(yí)样(yàng)飞(fēi)行(xíng)。马(mǎ)虽(suī)然(rán)能(néng)行(xíng)走(zǒu)千(qiān)里(lǐ)之(zhī)遥(yáo),但(dàn)没(méi)有(yǒu)人(rén)驾(jià)驭(yù)也(yě)不(bù)能(néng)自(zì)己(jǐ)到(dào)达(dá)目(mù)的(dì)地(dì)。人(rén)有(yǒu)远(yuǎn)大(dà)的(de)理(lǐ)想(xiǎng),但(dàn)缺(quē)乏(fá)机(jī)遇(yù)就(jiù)不(bù)能(néng)实(shí)现(xiàn)。…

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