The following content is only for reference and learning, and the ranking is not divided.
|Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos
|Located in the southwest of Santa Cruz Province, chiquitos Jesus missionary district is said to be one of the 10 “demoted” Jesuit missionaries. Influenced by the ideal city concept of philosophers in the 16th century, the missionary church was established in the former chiquitos territory from 1696 to 1760. The missionary church combines Catholicism and traditional architecture and is composed of San Francisco Havel, Concepcion, San Anya, and San Miguel The heritage of six castles of Saint Raphael and Saint Jos.
The six castles are connected by highways and also by developed railways. The average altitude here is about 500 meters. These castles represent the development and evolution of the Evangelical Church of Jesus, which rose in the 17th and 18th centuries. This specially protected area is only accessible to the local indigenous population, so only local people have the right to enjoy the large-scale political and religious independence movement. The existence of these missionaries is a unique proof of the significant social and cultural progress activities that have taken place here.
|Laguna Colorada (Red Lagoon)
|Corolada lake, also known as “Red Lake”, is located southwest of the altiplano plateau. There are many borax islands in the lake. The white of these islands and the reddish color of the Red Lake are cleverly matched to form beautiful scenery. The red color of Red Lake is due to the contrast of some red sediments and algae in the lake. In addition, because the lake water is rich in sodium, magnesium, borax, gypsum, and other substances, some plankton has been well-grown, so the whole lake water is stained with a light red color.
The red and white lake is like an oil painting. The red and white paintings are both abstract and subtle, and people have to sign the magic of nature. Red Lake is also the habitat of flamingos. The algae in the lake provide abundant food for the rare James flamingos, Chilean flamingos, and Andean flamingos, so they will make nests by the lake. There are only 50000 James flamingos in the world, of which 30000 live here every summer. In addition, more than 50 other birds also live in Red Lake.
|Santa Cruz is located in the east of Bolivia, near the pirate river. It is the largest city in Bolivia and the capital of Santa Cruz Province. Founded in 1561, the city is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, the most important commercial center in Bolivia, and one of the most popular immigrant cities in the world.
Santa Cruz has a tropical savanna climate, with an annual average temperature of 23 degrees and a pleasant climate. It is very suitable for human habitation, so it is welcomed by immigrants. The city provides a vast cultural and artistic space, from natural history to religious art, from ancient art to the latest contemporary art, so that people can have an overview of the development history, culture, and art of the city. Museums are a major feature of the city. You can visit Guarani Museum, the art and Archaeology Museum, the independent Museum, the contemporary art museum, Santa Cruz cultural center, etc.
|Yonggas road is also translated as Yunjia Road, ronggas road and yanggus road. It is located in the mountainous area of young as in the northeast of La Paz, where the central government of Bolivia is located in South America. This section passes through North yonggas road in the middle, with a total length of 69 kilometers. Due to frequent accidents of falling into the valley, the death toll is high, so it has the title “Death Road”. Its extremely dangerous legendary color made it named “the most dangerous road in the world” by the Inter-American Development Bank in 1995.
The North Yungas highway connects La Paz in Western Bolivia and Coroico in the Andes. This road includes extremely dangerous cliffs, a width that only allows one-way driving, narrow passing space, dense winding curves, and almost no guardrails. In addition, fog and rain make the visibility worse, and the muddy road increases the chance of slipping on this road. On average, there is a fatal accident on this road every few weeks, and it is estimated that 200 to 300 passengers die on this road every year.
Although the North Yungas highway is very dangerous, ironically, since the 1990s, it has become a tourist attraction, attracting about 25000 tourists seeking excitement here. Many travel operators now undertake such activities, providing relevant information, guidance, shipping, equipment, and other services. In 2009, the BBC’s TV program top gear broadcasted “top gear: Bolivia special” on Episode 6 of the 14th season. The three program hosts drove their second-hand cars from the tropical rainforest of Bolivia to the Pacific coast, driving a total of 1610 kilometers, including the dangerous North yonggas road.
|Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
|Covering an area of 1523000 hectares, Noel Kempf Mercado National Park is the largest national park in the Amazon basin with the least human traces. The whole park is from 200 meters to about 1000 meters above sea level, with a large span, which has created a rich landscape of noel Kempf Mercado National Park, from the cerrado plain to the forest to the alpine evergreen Amazon forest.
The history of the park can be traced back to the Precambrian period 100 million years ago. The park is rich in biological species, including more than 4000 species of plants, 139 species of mammals, 620 species of birds, 74 species of reptiles, 62 species of amphibians, and 254 species of fish, as well as a large number of endangered plant species that continue to thrive on the earth. Noel Kempf Mercado National Park is the largest wildland in the tropics that has not been damaged by human beings. The special natural environment here provides good living conditions for various creatures.
The tropical rain forest, clear rivers, rushing waterfalls, and endless prairies in the park constitute a beautiful and spectacular natural scene in northeast Bolivia.
|Salar de Uyuni
|Uyuni salt marsh, also known as the “land of the sky”, is located in the town of Uyuni in southwest of Bolivia. It is said that it was formed during the uplift of the Andes mountains. It is about 250 kilometers long from east to west, 100 kilometers wide from north to south, and covers an area of 10582 square kilometers. It is the largest salt marsh in the world, rich in rock salt and gypsum.
The unique scenery and quiet environment of Uyuni salt marsh make it a dream place for many tourists. The endless white world attracts tourists from all over the world. Every winter, it is filled with rain, forming a shallow lake. In summer, the lake dries up, leaving a layer of mineral hard shell dominated by salt, with a thickness of 6 meters in the middle. People can drive across the lake, especially after the rain, the lake is like a mirror, reflecting the suffocating sky scenery. Yuni salt marsh not only has the most beautiful natural scenery but also is a paradise for many rare animals and plants. It has grown cacti, rare hummingbirds,s and pink flamingos for thousands of years. Their presence adds vitality to the Yuni salt marsh.
As the Uyuni salt marsh is a natural salt field, the local residents are popular with salt mining in economic activities. The local people often pile up many small salt mounds of about 1 meter to dry or cut out cubes of tens of centimeters to 1 meter with an ax. In addition to sending the crude salt to a nearby refining plant for processing, some locals also use it as building materials for houses.
|Sucre is located in the cachimayo Valley at the eastern foot of the East Cordillera mountains. It is the constitutional capital and judicial capital of Bolivia. Because the main buildings and residential houses in the city are white, the city has a reputation as a “white city”. Sucre was founded in 1538 and became the first city in South America to launch anti-Spanish rule in 1809. On August 6, 1825, Bolivia’s declaration of independence was announced here.
Sucre is divided into the new city and the old city. The ancient city of Sucre is listed as a world cultural heritage. The numerous towers and bell towers created by religious groups are combined with monuments to form a variety of styles, such as Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, mixed, neoclassicism, and classicism. Sucre has many ancient and classic buildings. The National Library, Freedom House, Sucre Cathedral, Archbishop’s palace, and so on are all scenery that can not be missed.
|Lake Titicaca is located on the Coal plateau at the border of Bolivia and Peru. It is known as the “Pearl of the plateau”. Lake Titicaca is high in altitude but not frozen, and it is inland but not salty. Lake Titicaca is the highest and largest freshwater lake in South America. The lake surface is 3821 meters above sea level, the lake water area is about 8300 square kilometers, the average water depth is 140-180 meters, the deepest is 280 meters, and the average water temperature is 13 ℃.
There are 51 islands in the lake, such as RI island and Yue Island, most of which are inhabited. The largest island, Kaka Island, has the temple site of the Inca era, which was regarded as the holy land of the Inca era. The remains of the temples and palaces of the past are still preserved. The Titicaca Lake area is the place of origin for Indians to cultivate potatoes. Indians have always regarded Titicaca Lake as a “holy lake”. Surrounded by mountains, the peak is covered with snow all year round, and the scenery is very beautiful. It is a tourist destination.
Surrounded by snow-capped peaks, the lake water is constantly supplemented by alpine ice and snow melt, so the lake water is not salty; And because the lake is located in the shield of the Andes, the tall Andes block the invasion of the cold air flow, so the lake water is not frozen all the year round. Titicaca lake is rich in fish and birds. There are many fish and shrimp in the lake. There are many waterfowl and elk on the island. There are dense aquatic plants at the bottom of the lake and around the cattail. Fish play in the water.
|The Tiavanaco Site
|Tiwanaku SiteTiwanaco Site is a Bolivian Indian ancient cultural site located on a plateau of about 4,000 meters, about 20 kilometers south of Lake Titicaca, at the border between Bolivia and Peru in South America. The ancient city was built by the lake, but as the lake gradually receded, the site is now found 20 kilometers away from the lake. The Tiavwanaco site contains a collection of religious buildings, paintings and carvings, and highly developed ancient Indian culture. The site is tightly built out of boulders weighing tens or even hundreds of tons. The broken walls, huge stone carvings, stone tablets, rolling stone walls, and scattered boulders can all make people imagine the prosperity of this religious resort. The Sun Gate is one of the most famous ancient monuments in the Americas and is an outstanding example of Tiavanaco culture. The Pyramid of Akapana is the largest building on the site, with a rectangular bottom plan, 180 meters long and 140 meters long. The tower is built with the help of a small hill with stones on the outer layer. There are several relics of different forms on the roof. There is also a building similar to an underground reservoir. The pyramids are not only magnificent but also have many exquisite stone figures of the tower. According to Bolivian scholars who spent their life studying tiavanaco culture, the ancient city may have been built 17,000 years ago.
|The Archaeological Site of Samaipata
|The Samapata archaeological site consists of two parts: the Elforaut site is located on the east side of the Andes in Bolivia, at about 1,900 meters high, while the small Samapata site is located in the middle of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz factories, about 6 kilometers apart. The entire complex covers about 40 hectares, and it was named a World Heritage Site at the World Heritage Committee held in Tokyo, Japan, on December 2, 1998. There are many carvings at the site, believed to be the center of ceremonies in ancient towns (14th to 16th centuries AD), and the mountains in the southern mountains constitute the administrative and residential areas. The town is commanding, and the numerous carved rocks are unique, bearing witness to prehistoric traditions and beliefs, and nothing similar exists in the rest of the Americas. Archaefound is an archaeological complex under rocks of dense semi-tropical plants. The Samapata archaeological site clearly reveals the central site of the Inca ceremony and the residential sites of the early residents who migrated from the plateau and the eastern lowlands.
|The ancient city of Sucre
|Sucre is the legal capital of Bolivia and the seat of the Supreme Court. It is located in the kachmayo Valley at the eastern foot of the East Cordillera mountains, surrounded by two peaks, one is the Kaskaskia mountain and the other is the qunkla mountain. Sucre is 2790 meters above sea level. Because the main buildings and residential houses in the city are white, the city has a reputation as “white city”. Sucre was originally an Indian village, named chukisaka. The city of Sucre is built in an open and unobstructed rectangular lattice, and the white neoclassical-style building “Freedom House” is just south of the square.
The ancient city of Sucre played an important role in the national independence movement. At the same time, it was spared the devastation of war, which can not be said to be a miracle. Sucre, the “white city”, is quietly carving the annual rings of history. Many towers and bell towers created by religious groups combined with monuments to form a variety of styles, such as Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, mixed, neoclassicism, and classicism. The buildings in Sucre are usually white, and they are made of brick corners, balconies, cast-iron lattice patterns, and wooden shutters. The successful integration of the local style of Latin America and the foreign style introduced by Spain is one of the rich cultural heritage of mankind.
|City of Potosi
|The city of Potosi in Bolivia is 3967 meters above sea level. It is located at the foot of the Cerro Rico mountain in the Andes. It is the highest city in the world and was listed on the world heritage list in 1987. Due to the high terrain, the climate is cold and dry, the annual average temperature is 10 ° C, and the annual precipitation is only 380 mm. However, there are abundant mineral deposits nearby, rich in lead, tin, and copper. It is a famous mineral capital. The city has a large number of well-preserved colonial-era buildings. From the central square, a number of narrow and curved streets are led out. Around them, there are a colonial government compound, a city hall, a mint, and Cathedral.
There are also ruins such as the market town of Casa de la Moneda, the Church of San Lorenzo, the noble residential area, and the workers’ residential area. The architecture of the central square is a mixture of Baroque and Martini styles. The secular architecture in Potosi city is rich in neoclassical or romantic style. There are many religious buildings in the ancient city, including Graca church, Juan Batista church, Docomo church, Nevis church, and San Bento church. The main buildings in the ancient city are connected with each other; The streets are tortuous and naturally undulating with the changes in the terrain; As a result, many small squares were formed at the intersection of the streets and the open space in front of the church. The ancient buildings are hidden in the dense palm trees, making the city more graceful.
|f it is very close to here, you must go and have a look, so as to save your regret. Go and have a look.
|Cementerio de trenes
|Many obsolete locomotives and carriages are concentrated in this wasteland, which is called the railway graveyard. Such a tourism development project is still insightful. Young people, in particular, can have a close look at all kinds of old-fashioned train equipment of the grandfather generation. It’s a novel. And you can climb up and down willfully and wear clothes everywhere. You are very happy. This is also a place where you can take all kinds of nostalgic films.
At the end of the 19th century, the British built a railway to South America to transport silver and salt mines, which were opposed to and destroyed by the local people. Later, the old train was abandoned and thrown into a vacant land 3 kilometers away from the town. Now, these rusty giants have formed a “train cemetery” and become a landscape on the Uyuni salt beach.
|Valle de la Luna
|This is a naturally formed canyon. The landform is very similar to Flame Mountain in China. There are no plants, just like on the moon. So it’s called Moon Valley.
Looking from afar, there are all kinds of volcanic rocks that have been weathered for hundreds of years. The most famous is the bald eagle stone which is “ready to fly”. The guide gave us 20 minutes to take pictures. We shuttle back and forth among the strange stones, looking for the most suitable angle and the most interesting stones, giving full play to our imagination, and leaving the best memories in this natural labyrinth.
|Sol,Isla del;Isla de Titicaca
|It is recommended to stay one night on Sun Island and enjoy the sunny day and sunrise and sunset of Lake Titicaca. How beautiful is Sun Island? I didn’t know until I went. There are no vehicles on the island, so you can only walk or take a boat. Walking is an excellent choice, and it is best to stay on the island for one night.
|Iglesia de San Francisco
|San Francisco Church is located on San Francisco square in the center of La Paz. It was built in 1548. In 1610, a snowstorm collapsed the church. It was rebuilt in nearly 10 years from 1744 to 1753. The whole church is completely built of flat large stone blocks, and the surface is carved with exquisite reliefs.
Located in the San Francisco square of the same name, it is also a landmark of the city. There are many people, local people, and foreigners. There are also many small vendors, such as shoeshine, cake, tea, and handicrafts.
The second floor of the church is a museum. From the bell tower, you can overlook the nearby city scene and the distant mountain scenery. It’s close to the witch market.
|Cactus island was originally a high mountain. The earth’s crust has changed dramatically, and her neighbor has gone from mountain to lake for tens of thousands of years. The mountain is gradually submerged in this vast white salt marsh, and the peak finally becomes an island.
Standing on the top of the mountain formed tens of thousands of years ago, you can see the boundless blank and suddenly connect with the ancient world. Tens of thousands of years of clouds and clouds are changing in the air. The witnesses are various giant cacti with a height of more than ten meters on the island. Some are standing tall and independent, some are intertwined, and some are wrapped around the stems.
|Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve
|On the cold and biting mountain, the geyser gushes out, making a “Yiyi” sound. The white steam pours on the face and warms the whole body.
Next to the geyser is a volcanic vent. There are dozens of air holes here, large and small, and a strong smell of sulfur comes to the nose. The temperature of the volcanic steam is much higher than that of the geyser, about 200 degrees. Therefore, do not go too close to the vent hole, or you will be severely scalded. There are also signboards beside the scenic spot to remind tourists to stay away from the crater.
As the sun rises in the East, the snow-capped mountains are covered with gold
We came to Lake polks when the sun was high. There are natural volcanic hot springs here. The price is so cheap that it is only 6 Glass coins even for the toilet. We went to the bathroom door to buy tickets, went to the dressing room next to the hot spring, put on the bathing suit prepared in the morning, and went into the water. The water temperature of 30 ° C was just right. We immediately warmed our frozen bodies, and the blood was full in place.
The bottom of the hot spring is black gravel, which is very comfortable to step on. Lean against the pool, put on sunglasses, soak in the hot spring quietly, relieve the body stiffness from fatigue and low temperature, and chat with international friends, not to mention how comfortable it is.
We crossed the El Salvador Dali desert, named after its scenery and Dali’s Surrealist style. On the hills covered with sand and stones, scattered stones are distributed among them, highlighting the sense of loneliness and vicissitudes.