Top 100 Most Influential Historical Figures (Part 3): List of National Historical Figures (for reference only)

ordernameHistorical timeIdentity and influence
51Margaret Sanger1883-1966The initiator of the family planning movement, founded and chaired the American family planning Alliance (1921-1928), organized the first World Population Conference in Geneva (1927), and later became the first president of the international family planning Federation
52Joseph Smith1805-1844The founder of Mormon, a religious sect native to the United States, advocates polygamy. The man falsely claimed to see a “vision” and get the “book of Heaven (Book of Mormon)”. In 1830, he founded the “Church of Jesus Christ Eschatology (commonly known as Mormon)” in New York. After that, he was arrested and imprisoned and killed in prison
53Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.1841-1935Jurist, justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1902-1932), “the greatest dissident” and an advocate of freedom of speech. He wrote to the Supreme Court and expressed his views vigorously. His efforts finally improved the judicial system of the United States
54Bill Gates1955Business giant, philanthropist and “Rockefeller” in the information age
55John Quincy Adams1767-1848The 6th president of the United States (1825-1829), former Secretary of state of President Monroe (1817), the behind the scenes strategist of Monroe Doctrine, and the chief designer of the rules of the American diplomatic game in the 19th century.
56Horace Mann1796-1859He spared no effort to advocate the universal compulsory education system, which won him the title of “father of American education”.
57Robert E. Lee1807-1870Former general of the northern army, he defected during the American Civil War and was appointed commander in chief of the Southern Army (1862). He directed the army northward with flexible strategies and tactics and severely damaged the federal army. After the defeat and surrender, he devoted himself to education.
58John C. Calhoun1782-1850The vice president of the United States (1825-1832), the defender of the interests of the southern states, strongly defended slavery.
59Louis Sullivan1856-1924Father of skyscrapers.
60William Faulkner1897-1962The winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1949 and the leader of the American “Southern Literature” school, he explained a dreamy American south through hardships with literature.
61Samuel Gompers1850-1924The greatest labor leader in the United States, he created the golden age of trade unions.
62William James1842-1910American philosopher and psychologist, pragmatist, founder of functional psychology, known as “the father of American psychology”.
63George Catlett Marshall Jr.1880-1959As a general, he organized national forces into World War II; As a politician, he put forward the “Marshall Plan”, rebuilt Europe and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.
64Jane Addams1860-1935A female social reformer, a “secular saint” who helps the poor and the weak, and a pacifist. Hall hall, a social welfare organization founded in Chicago’s slums in 1889, won the Nobel Peace Prize with Nicolas Murray Butler in 1931.
65Henry David Thoreau1817-1862Writer, the representative of American Transcendentalism movement and the outcast of mainstream social thought, his thought has inspired people who seek to return to nature for 150 years.
66Elvis Presley1935-1977Rock star – “Elvis Presley”
67P. T. Barnum1810-1891The introduction of circus performance techniques into film and television programs has caused a sensation in the film and television industry
68James Dewey Watson1928-A famous biologist who discovered the double helix molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), thus revealing the code of life. In 1962, he shared the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins of the United Kingdom
69James Gordon Bennett Sr.1795-1872The New York Herald, the first modern American newspaper, was founded in 1835
70William Clark1770-1838And Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809): explorers, who explored the west, followed by millions of Americans.
71Noah Webster1758-1843Although he did not create “American English”, he compiled the American English dictionary.
72Sam Walton1918-1992The Wal Mart chain supermarket he founded has changed the consumption mode of Americans and also affected the business philosophy of large shopping malls. Its slogan is: “there is a preferential price every day”.
73Cyrus McCormick1809-1884His combine harvester ended the history of traditional agriculture and opened a new chapter of agricultural modernization.
74Brigham Young1801-1877He inherited the mantle of Joseph Smith and led some Mormons to find paradise to Salt Lake City. The first governor of Utah (1849-1857) promoted the development of the western United States. Young Birmingham University is named after him.
75Babe Ruth1895-1948Top professional baseball player, one of the first five people to enter the American Baseball Hall of honor.

Quoted from Atlantic Monthly, December 2006,For reference only.

Author: listenerxu
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