Recently, when experts at the Large Hadron Collider at the European Nuclear Research Center were working on an experiment that seemed to violate the laws of modern physics, the scientific community was about to undergo tremendous changes. Scientists working at the facility revealed that, in subatoms, the speed of neutrino particles may have exceeded the speed of light. The only problem is that nothing can travel faster than light through a particle collider 27 kilometers long, Albert Einstein, the father of modern physics, developed his “special theory of relativity” according to the basic laws, that is, nothing is faster than the speed of light, that is, 299.792458 meters per second, It may just touch the surface of more complex physical properties in our reality.
In recent decades, quantum physics, or real science at the subatomic level has spread new fascinating concepts, such as the existence of wormholes, and the possibility of multi-dimensional and time travel. In fact, all the goals of CERN research are high-speed collision particles, so as to finally separate and verify the existence of Higgs boson particles, which are considered to be the smallest particles known to exist. It is speculated that This kind of particle may carry clues about the exact properties of the strong force, which is defined as a very powerful attraction. It works at the subatomic level, gathering particles with the same polarity together, otherwise, they may repel each other. However, in the process of searching for Higgs boson particles, these researchers have obtained a series of other shocking results, for example. Only a few months ago, CERN isolated antimatter for a thousand seconds. On the other hand, this latest discovery is more groundbreaking and may pave the way for technologies that could not have been imagined before, because anything that travels faster than the speed of light can theoretically break the time barrier. The researchers who made this discovery are now seeking to evaluate their data and then formally assert that they are correct.
Gillis, the spokesman of CERN, said: Most people’s feeling is impossible to correct. The neutrino beam in question is measured 60 nanoseconds faster than the speed of light, with an error margin of only 10 nanoseconds. Zhang Qizheng, a neutrino physicist at Stony Brook University in New York, thinks this result is the result of systematic error. Zhang Qizheng is the American spokesman for a similar experiment called T2K in Japan, He said that the challenging part was to correctly time the time between the neutrinos’ birth by hitting a series of protons on a solid target and their actual arrival at the detector. The time depends on the global positioning system, and there may be tens of nanoseconds of uncertainty in the GPS reading. I am very interested in how they get ten nanoseconds of uncertainty. Because from the perspective of the systematics of GPS and electronics, I think this is a hard figure to get. According to Kostretsky, previous observations have not explicitly ruled out such results. He has built a theory called the Standard Model Extension in the past 25 years, which explains all possible special relativity loopholes in particle physics settings. If you tell me that someone claims that there are electrons faster than the speed of light, I will be more suspicious. He claims that previous measurements limit the possibility of neutrinos, Nevertheless, Kostretsky revived an old adage: extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.
Neutrinos are one of the most mysterious particles in nature. They can pass through the earth like the earth does not exist. More than one million neutrinos pass through your body harmlessly every second. In fact, neutrinos do not often interact with other particles, making detection challenging, but this does not mean that they never interact. The possibility of any single neutrino interacting with another particle is very low, They do not interact with the strong nuclear force that keeps the atomic nucleus together, but they interact with the weak resultant force that regulates radioactive decay, which is ultimately the way neutrinos are produced. For example, the KATRIN experiment found that the neutrino mass originates from the decomposition of tritium isotopes. Although many neutrinos were generated within a fraction of a second after the Big Bang, today many neutrinos continue to be generated. They appear in the core of stars, particle accelerators, and atomic reactors. As well as during the radioactive decay of supernovae and substances, although it has been proved that neutrinos are difficult to study, physicists believe that the number of neutrinos in the universe is one billion more than that of protons because they can keep neutral to most of the chemical substances in the universe so that billions of chemical substances can pass through one square centimeter of your body undetected.
Before the Large Hadron Collider was discovered, scientists had captured neutrinos. The Japanese Super Kamioka detector, the Fermilab MiniBooNe detector, and the Antarctic Ice Cube detector were all present. They were able to use a technology called Cherenkov radiation to detect neutrinos. This Cherenkov radiation technology works in the same way as supersonic aircraft to generate sonic booms, This article aims to pass through a material that slows down the light and leaves a faint blue light that scientists are looking for. About 47 million light years away from us, a neutrino stream is emitted from the center of a galaxy full of black holes, NGC 1068. These elusive “ghost particles” puzzle our universe, leaving almost no trace of their existence. Once they exist, these invisible fragments explode in the emptiness of the entire universe, and they are in the visible stars. They will continue to fly indefinitely until, in rare cases, they will reach the Earth’s South Pole and dig deep there.
The journey of neutrinos is uninterrupted. On the other hand, scientists are patiently waiting for their arrival. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is located in a billion-ton ice layer two kilometers below Antarctica. The ice will continue to pay close attention to any neutrinos that may bring their team to the cold continent. The global team behind this complex experiment was published in a publication in the Science Journal on November 3, It confirmed the evidence of 79 high-energy neutrino emissions around the location of ngc1068, which opened the door to a variety of novel and interesting things. Scientists call it neutrino astronomy. Until now, physicists only saw the sun from neutrinos, a chemical mechanism of our planet’s atmosphere called radioactive decay, supernovae, and radiant variants or hungry supermassive black holes directly pointing to the earth, Due to the initial success of ice in 2017, a hole named txs0506+056. With the discovery of this new neutrino source, we are entering a new chapter in the history of particles. According to the research team, the energy of neutrinos originating from ngc1068 may be millions, billions, or even trillions of times that of neutrinos originating from the sun or supernova. These are amazing figures because generally speaking, this phantom particle is very powerful, But it is so unpredictable that tens of thousands of neutrinos pass through your body every second, and you can’t tell.
If you want to stop neutrinos from advancing, you must use a light year-wide lead block to fight against them. Even then, your chances of success are very small. Therefore, whether we use the ncg1068 version or not, using these particles can enable us to explore parts of the universe that are usually inaccessible. This moment is of great significance, not only because it provides more evidence about mysterious particles that were discovered only in 1956, but also because neutrinos are like the key to the background of our universe, they may reveal phenomena and solve mysteries that cannot be solved by other methods, which is why scientists first devoted themselves to the establishment of neutrino astronomy. On November 2, Dennis Caldwell, the main sponsor of the Ice Cube and the National Science Foundation of the United States, told reporters that the universe has many ways to communicate with us, including electromagnetic radiation, We regard it as light from stars. Gravitational waves will vibrate. Space structures and basic particles, such as protons, neutrons, and electrons ejected from local protons, are one of these basic particles, which are neutrinos diffuse in the universe. Unfortunately, neutrinos are difficult to detect.
In fact, although scientists have been trying to unveil it for many years, NGC 1068 and its huge black hole are often surrounded by a thick layer of dust and gas, which makes it difficult to analyze them with ordinary optical telescopes and equipment. Because of his infrared vision, NASA’s James Weber Space Telescope may have advantages in this case, but neutrinos may be a better way to enter, These particles are expected to be generated behind this opaque screen. They do not filter our universe. They can carry cosmic information from behind these screens. While not interacting with other substances, they can magnify a long distance and provide humans with original and untouched information about the elusive corners of outer space, It is also worth noting that the Seyfert galaxy similar to NGC1068 is much more than the flare variant similar to txs0506+056. Therefore, the latest discovery of the Ice Cube may be more important to neutrino astronomers than the original discovery of the observatory. Perhaps most of the neutrinos circulating in the universe are generated from NGC1068, but from a larger perspective, neutrinos are more valuable than their sources, What’s your opinion on the latest discovery of neutrinos? Welcome to leave a message in the comment area.