白居易(772~846)，字乐天，香山居士，中国唐代诗人。白居易用优美朴素的诗歌抗议了当时社会的黑暗(包括腐败)。Bai Juyi (772~846), courtesy name Letian, literary name
Xiangshan Jushi, was a Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty who used his elegantly
simple verse to protest the social evils of his day, including corruption and
白居易5岁开始写诗，但794年，由于父亲去世，家庭环境贫困，白居易28岁才参加科学考试。然而，白居易曾经赢得过进士学位，两年后他以杰出的身份登上了科学，成为了一名学校书法家。Bai Juyi began composing poetry at five. Because of his
father’s death in 794 and straitened family circumstances, Bai did not take the
official examinations for the bureaucracy until the late age of 28. He passed
them and also did extremely well at another examination he took two years
白居易的同年，另一位诗人元祯与他合作。他们都认为需要文学和政治改革，他们的终身友谊可能是中国历史上最著名的。As a result, he was given a minor post at the palace
library, as was another successful examination candidate and poet, Yuan Zhen.
They shared views on the need for both literary and political reform, and their
lifelong friendship became perhaps the most famous in Chinese history.807年白居易进入翰林院，他的官职稳步上升。但814年，白居易因政敌诽谤迁至九江县司马。In 807, Bai became a member of the prestigious Hanlin
Academy in Chang’an, the capital, and he rose steadily in official life, except
for his banishment in 814 to a minor post at Jiujiang, which arose from the
slander of rival courtiers.
曾担任过中州刺史(818)、杭州刺史(822)和苏州刺史的白居易。He assumed the important posts of governor of Zhongzhou
(818), Hangzhou (822), and later, Suzhou.829年白居易以太子客人分公司东都洛阳。842年病退。In 829 he became mayor of Luoyang, the eastern capital, but
he retired from that post in 842 because of illness.
白居易是一群诗人的非正式领导者。他们拒绝接受当时优雅的风格，强调文学的教学功能。他们认为文章是有时的，歌曲和诗歌是有时的。Bai was the informal leader of a group of poets who
rejected the courtly style of the time and emphasized the didactic function of
literature, believing that every literary work should contain a fitting moral
and a well-defined social purpose.
白居易认为，他最重要的贡献是他的讽刺歌曲和新乐府诗。新乐府诗通常以旧民歌为基础，以自由的形式。He considered his most important contributions to be his
satirical and allegorical ballads and his “new yuefu, “which usually
took the form of free verse based on old folk ballads.
作为唐代最受欢迎的诗人，白居易致力于简单的写作风格，就像杜甫一样，他也非常关注当时的社会问题。他讨厌腐败官员挥霍颓废的生活方式，同情穷人的痛苦生活。The most prolific of the Tang poets, Bai aimed for
simplicity in his writing, and–like Du Fu, a great Tang poet of the preceding
generation whom Bai greatly admired–he was deeply concerned with the social
problems of the time; he deplored the dissolute and decadent lifestyles of
corrupt officials and sympathized with the sufferings of the poor.
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