The following content is only for reference and learning, and the ranking is not divided.
|1||Quito||Quito is located in the north of Ecuador, only 24 kilometers away from the equator. It is the capital of Ecuador and the closest capital to the equator in the world. Because it is located on the plateau, with an altitude of 2852 meters, it is the second highest capital in the world after La Paz, Bolivia.|
Quito is high and steep, so the climate is pleasant and the four seasons are like spring. It is an ideal summer resort and is popular with tourists around the world. Quito city is divided into two parts: the new city and the old city. The southwest is the old city. Many places retain the architectural styles of Indians and Spaniards. In 1978, it was listed as a world cultural heritage. The new city is located in the north of Quito. It is a prosperous scene. The Pichincha volcano on the East and west sides of the city is very famous. It is 4790 meters above sea level and the peak is covered with snow for many years. There are 87 large and small churches and monasteries in Quito. The famous ones are the Church of San Francisco and the Jesus Cathedral of Compania. San Francisco Church is regarded as a masterpiece of Baroque architectural style and one of the models of Spanish American religious architecture.
Bread mountain at the southern end of Quito is about 200 meters high. There is a large stone statue of the goddess of Quito on the top of the mountain, which is known as the symbol of the people of Quito fighting for independence and freedom. There is an ancient Inca temple on the hillside of Baotou mountain, which has now become a museum.
|2||Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca||The Santa Ana historical center of Los Rios in Cuenca is a valley town surrounded by the Andes. Founded in 1557, it is a typical inland colonial town, located at the intersection of train tracks in the direction of Capistrano. There are 40 households here, including three Adobe buildings of Montanez, Rio, and Silvas.|
Construction workers and farm workers lived here from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century. During this period, the Stonehenge church was built. It was prosperous for a time and was the economic center of the Spaniards and the Indians in the neighboring areas. At that time, they were carrying out cultural integration. Many other homes were built by European immigrants from the late 19th century to the early 20th century.
The construction of the city strictly complies with the right-angle urban construction plan formulated by Charles Cuenca, the king of Spain in 1527. For 400 years, the construction of the city has followed the original construction plan.
|3||Galapagos Islands||The Galapagos Islands are a group of Ocean islands formed by the lava deposits raised from the sea floor. They are composed of 19 volcanic islands and extend from the South American continent to the Pacific Ocean for about 1000 kilometers. They are called the unique “Museum and exhibition room of living biological evolution”. There are some unusual animal species. Such as terrestrial iguanas, giant turtles, and various types of finches.|
Charles Darwin visited this island in 1835 and gained insights from it, which laid the foundation for the formation of the theory of evolution. The Galapagos Islands is one of the loneliest and most beautiful islands in the world. Visitors to the Galapagos Islands are always impressed by its beautiful scenery and its diversity and uniqueness. The Galapagos Islands is the only place on earth where there are sea iguanas. There are 7 different species of sea iguanas living here.
Like other oceanic islands, the flora and fauna of these islands also depend on uninvited visitors brought by the sea or the air, although in recent years human beings have also played a role. Many animals found on these islands are unique not only to the islands but also to some specific islands in islands.
|4||The old city of Quito||Quito, the capital of Ecuador, is 2850 meters above sea level. It was built on the ruins of the Inca city in the 16th century. Despite the 1917 earthquake, Quito is still the best preserved and least changed historical center in Latin America. The abbey of Saint Francis and Santo Domingo, the Church of La Compania, and the College of the Jesuit Church, together with the magnificent interior decoration of these buildings, have become the pure model of “Quito baroque style”, perfectly integrating Spain with the essence of Italian, Moorish, Flemish, and local art.|
There are several white houses in the city. They are low and covered with red tiles faded with age. Each house has an iron and wood structure gate leading to a spacious inner courtyard. Around the fountain in the courtyard, gray paving stones are embedded with yellow cattle bones to form various geometric patterns. From the center of the city to the four fields in the suburbs, along the city’s unorthodox outline, narrow streets are covered with small houses on both sides. Like forked fingers, they stretch in a zigzag way, reaching nearly 3000 meters above the clouds. Perhaps it is the thin air that makes the Quito people adopt the slow pace, leaving people with a sense of leisure time. The old urban area of Quito is in the south of the city. Because there are many famous historical buildings left in the city, it is known as the “Andean Museum”. The churches, monasteries, and equatorial monuments here are of high value both in architecture and in the history of aesthetics.
|5||Independence Square, Ecuador||Independence Square is the center of Quito city. Around this square, there are many buildings with artistic characteristics of the late Italian Renaissance. Most of these buildings are two-story, with carved stone doors. The Catholic Church at the southern end of the square was built in 1550 and completed in the 18th century. It has a green tile dome and gray white columns supporting the porch. It is a mixture of Arab, Persian, and Moorish architectural styles. On the outer wall are the names of the founders of Quito City inlaid with gold leaves. Inside the courtyard is the tomb of general Sucre. Opposite the church is the main palace, and in the northwest corner of the square is the magnificent government palace.|
In the southeast of the city, Santo Domingo square, also known as theater square or Sucre square, stands the statue of general Sucre in the center of the square, and at the east end stands the church and monastery of Santo Domingo, which is famous for its rich collection of wood carvings. The ancient castle of Saint Agustin here is the place where general Sucre personally signed the agreement on Ecuador’s independence. So far, it has preserved its original appearance. Near the square are the intersection of Rhonda street and Guayaquil street. The street is narrow and old, with shops lined up and pedestrians bustling. It is the bustling business district of Quito. Alameda Park, not far from the square, is a famous tourist area in Quito. The park has streams and springs, bridges and bridges, winding paths, birds, and flowers. The park has the oldest Observatory in South America, Simon Bolivar Monument, and an art school.
|6||Sangai National Park||Sangai National Park is located at the junction of morna Santiago, Chimborazo, and Tonegawa provinces in central Ecuador. Shanghai National Park shows a complete ecosystem range with its unique and beautiful natural scenery and the spectacular sight of two active volcanoes. It extends from tropical rain forest to Glacier, and the snow-covered peaks are in sharp contrast with the lush plain forest. This unique and isolated environment provides protection for local animal species. Sangai volcano, the world’s famous active volcano with the longest duration of activity in the world, is located in the park. The top of sangai volcano, 5410 meters above sea level, is covered with snow, and the mountain is steep. The altitude difference of nearly 4000 meters from the top to the foot of the mountain makes it a unique landscape in Ecuador.|
Because the whole park is located near the equator, with sufficient sunshine and different altitudes, it presents different ecological scenes and lives many rare animals and plants. At an altitude of 2000-3000 meters, there are clouds and fog. The area at an altitude of 3000 meters has more rain and fog, and forests are dense. Many rare animals in South America live here: in the Amazon lowland tropical rain forest at an altitude of 800 meters, there are various birds: hummingbirds, toucans, and more than 40 parrots represented by macaws with a length of 1 meter and bright and beautiful feathers. There is also an Andean rock bird living here. Its beak is very sharp and hard, and it is completely hidden in the feathers of its head. The bird’s crown is semicircular and bright red. It has the reputation of “Ruby in the dense forest”.
Shanghai National Park is considered the best area to study biological zoning. Its natural environment, land, and marine ecosystems, geomorphic features, geological features, and historical and cultural characteristics make sangria national park the most valuable world cultural heritage in the equatorial region. At the same time, sangai National Park is also a protected area of Togo’s watershed, which also has important archaeological value.
|7||Chinborazo peak, Ecuador||Located in the Cordillera Occidental in the Andes Mountains, Chimborazo’s peak in Ecuador is 6310 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in the country. Chimborazo is a dormant volcano with many craters and many glaciers on the top. The Englishman Edward Whymper was the first person to reach the summit.|
Although Chimborazo is not as high as Everest, Chimborazo is the peak farthest from the center of the earth. It is 6384.1 kilometers from the center of the earth to the peak of the mountain, which is the thickest place in the world. Because it is the farthest from the center of the earth, it is enough to make it one of the most famous snow mountains in the world, and Ecuadorians are proud of it. However, the mountain is extremely lacking oxygen, and people have difficulty breathing on it, so people often flinch from it. Chimborazo peak has long been mistaken as the highest peak of the Andes. It is a dormant volcano with many craters and many glaciers on the top. It is about 4694 meters above and covered with snow all year round. Looking from the distance, the scenery is very spectacular, like an old man squatting there with a white hat on his head. Running animals and sparse vegetation can be seen at the foot of the mountain.
|8||equatorial tablet||Equator monument is 95 kilometers north of Quito city. Anyone who travels to Ecuador must visit the famous Equatorial Monument, which is regarded as the “center of the earth”. The equator monument is divided into two old and new monuments. The old monument is located in San Antonio Town, 24 kilometers north of Quito, the capital of Ecuador. It is surrounded by mountains on three sides, with an elevation of 2483 meters. The monument is about 10 meters high. The whole body is made of ochre granite, with a square column shape. Four Spanish letters e.s.o.n. representing East, West, South, and North are engraved around it to commemorate the survey of the equator by French and Ecuadorian scientists who contributed to the construction of the stele.|
On March 21 and September 23 of each year, the sun passes through the equator and is directly at the equator. The global day and night are equal. At this time, Ecuadorians will hold a grand event here to welcome the sun god and thank the sun for bringing warmth and light to mankind. Ecuador calls this monument half of the world. Passengers like to stand on the stone steps to take photos, with their feet on both sides of the white line to show that they are standing on the north and south hemispheres at the same time. The new monument stands in the ekinosial valley surrounded by the Pichincha mountains, not far from the old monument, on the equatorial line about 27 kilometers north of Quito city. It is said to be the most accurate equatorial marker in the world. In front of the monument, there is a long passage made of stone. On both sides of the passage stand some groups of stone carvings. Anyone who travels to Quito can receive a certificate issued by the management department to prove that he has visited the boundary between the northern and southern hemispheres on a certain day of a certain year.
|9||Guayaquil||Guayaquil is adjacent to Guayaquil Bay in the Pacific Ocean. It is named after its location on the West Bank of the Guayas river. It is known as the “coastal pearl of the Pacific Ocean”. It is the largest city and main seaport of Ecuador, the capital of Guayas Province, and the industrial and fishery center of Ecuador.|
Although Guayaquil is close to the equator, it is a good place to enjoy a better life because it is close to the Bay and cool with the sea breeze. The urban buildings are colorful, the streets are crisscrossed, and the layout is neat. The main streets are lined with high-rise buildings on both sides, with green shade and flowers; The neighborhood park is a committee of Fangcao, and the tall buildings, white clouds, green trees, and blue sky complement each other, making the whole city magnificent. Guayaquil has several buildings from the Spanish colonial period. In addition, there are several Roman Catholic churches. About 80% of the citizens are Catholics. For them, Catholics are very important.
|10||Pichincha, Cerro||Pichincha volcano is the nearest volcano to Quito. Besides, it has mature tourist facilities. You can take a cable car or take a hiking trail from the small door next to it (however, it’s all wild roads. It’s easy to walk at the beginning, but it’s getting harder and harder behind. There is relatively little oxygen on the plateau. It takes about 4 hours to climb the mountain with high intensity, which is not recommended).|
How to get there: from Quito city to teleferico, there are few buses and you can take a taxi directly, which is not expensive. Then take the cable car up the mountain and get a round-trip ticket of 8 dollars, or climb up by yourself like me and become a dog.
Mountaintop: there are restaurants and souvenir shops on the mountaintop, but the price is twice that of the downtown area. There are about 5 kilometers of scenic trails on the top of the mountain, and the round trip is 10 kilometers. Of course, you can choose to turn back at any time, not necessarily the whole journey.
|11||Cotopaxi, Vol.||Kotopashi volcano is 56 kilometers south of Quito and 5897 meters above sea level. It is considered to be one of the highest active volcanoes in the world and the second highest peak in Ecuador. However, it is often covered by clouds and fog. Whether you can see the whole picture depends on your character.|
How to get there: buy a ticket on the second floor of terminal quitumbe, a long-distance bus station in the south of Quito, and take the bus for $1.50. Go to Latacunga. After getting on the bus, tell the driver your destination. He will stop near kotopashi Volcano Park and let you get off. You only need to walk for a few minutes.
Volcano Park: at the gate of the park, you will see several small stations that do guide work. The general price is to pack a car with a driver and guide, and the whole journey is 40 dollars per time (limited to 4 people). No one can enter the park without a guide. The essence of visiting the park is to climb the volcano. Because kotopashi volcano is an active volcano, it is forbidden to climb. Therefore, the name of the volcano we actually climb is Volcan ruminahui volcano, which is directly opposite kotopashi. It is a very good viewing point.
Go back to Quito and stop the long-distance bus on the opposite road.
|12||Saquisili||Saquisili is an Inca cultural town in the south of Quito. Every Thursday is the market time, but it is usually busy in the morning, and the popularity is obviously insufficient in the afternoon.|
How to get there: take a bus from the South long-distance bus station of Quito, the ticket is $2.15, go to Latacunga, and transfer to a local bus on the way, the ticket is $0.45.
How to return: if you want to return to Quito on the same day, the bus in the town can only go to Latacunga first, and then take the bus back to Quito.
Surrounding colored eggs: if you have enough time, I will tell you a good place. From Latacunga to Quevedo in the west, you can visit Laguna de quilotoa, which is known as the most beautiful volcanic lake in Ecuador.
|13||Otavalo||OTAVALO is another famous Inca town in Ecuador. It is more famous than squishily because there are various markets connected there. Almost the whole town is composed of markets. Every Saturday is the market time, with the most people. In fact, there are many people in ordinary times. After all, so many foreigners come to buy souvenirs.|
How to get there: from the long-distance bus station in the north of Quito, a bus goes directly, and the ticket is $2.70.
Accommodation: the town has a lot of markets, unique food, and many tourists, so the hotel industry is also developed. There are many hotels around $10. You can stay here for one night and visit more.
It is suggested that the hand choppers should go here before leaving Ecuador, otherwise they will buy a lot of local products and it will be inconvenient to travel on the road.
|14||Tena||It is not difficult to find from the map that there is a circle of intersection between the Amazon basin and the Andes Mountains in Ecuador. Sangui national forest park here is also a world natural heritage. The surrounding towns Tena and Puyo belong to Amazon style scenic towns. Since the two towns have similar scenery, we will choose Tena to talk about it specifically.|
How to get there: there is a direct bus from the long-distance bus station in the south of Quito, stopping at Ambato and Puyo, which takes 6 to 7 hours.
What do we play?
1. Jungle waterfall (cascade LATAs)
2. Scenic and folk town misahualli
|15||Amazon rainforest cuyaveno deep Tour||Omit 1000 words here. Omit 1000 words here.|
|16||Volcano hot spring town BA ñ OS||BA ñ OS Town, 1800 meters above sea level, with charming scenery and cool and humid climate, is a pearl in the volcanic group of the Andes in Ecuador.|
There, you can taste delicious food, enjoy hot springs, overlook the tonggulawa volcano, rent a bicycle to visit the waterfalls, or rent a four-wheel cross-country motorcycle to play on the swings on the top of the mountain. It is definitely a good place recommended by five stars.
How to get there: there is a direct long-distance bus in Quito. Take it at the South long-distance bus station and stop at Ambato. It takes about 4 hours.
What do we play?
1. Hot springs. In fact, there are two hot springs in the town, but the smaller one has more customers. It is because there are waterfalls beside the hot springs, which is particularly emotional. It operates in sections and at regular intervals every day. It opens at 5 and 6 a.m., takes a rest in the afternoon and reopens at 6 p.m. It’s three dollars a time, but you need to bring a bathing cap, or you need to pay another deposit to rent a bathing cap. “Ba ñ OS” has three meanings in Spanish: hot spring, bathroom, and toilet. So if you take a hand-off in the hot spring toilet in BA ñ OS Town, the correct expression is: “I went to BA ñ OS’s BA ñ OS twice”. Do you think it’s cool?
2. Waterfall group. Rent a bicycle or a four-wheel motorcycle in the town and ride along the highway from Banos to Puyo. You have passed through the waterfalls uiba, Cagayan, Manto de la Novia, San Jorge, and pailon del Diablo (devil’s waterfall). It is suggested that you can return from here without having to ride the whole journey. After all, the whole journey is all kinds of steep uphill and steep downhill. Of course, there is also a kind of open-top sightseeing bus in the town. Although some scenic spots are not available, they are more leisure and less tired.
3. Swing at the end of the world. This swing is located on the top of the mountain in the north of the town. It is named because it can look at the Tonegawa volcano in the distance. It costs the US $1 to enter. There are direct buses from BA ñ OS, but there are only a few buses a day. You can also take a taxi or rent a four-wheel motorcycle to go up the mountain. The weather is the determining factor in viewing the scenic spot.
|17||Cuenca, the old city of Cuenca||Cuenca is located in the valley of the Andes in the south of Ecuador, with an elevation of 2600 meters. It is the third largest city in Ecuador. The city was founded in 1557 and strictly followed the right-angle urban construction plan formulated by Charles, king of Spain, for Cuenca in 1527. Urban planning has not changed greatly in the past 400 years. The original appearance of the ancient city is well preserved, and the cultural life of local residents and immigrants is integrated, giving kunka a unique charm. In 1999, Kunka was listed as a “world cultural heritage” by UNESCO.|
How to arrive:
1. There is a direct bus to kunka from the long-distance bus station in the south of Quito, with a distance of 450 km; There is also a direct bus from Guayaquil, which costs the US $8.25 and takes 6 or 7 hours;
2. There are direct flights from the two major cities to Kunka, with a fare of 300-400 yuan and a flight time of 1 hour.
What do we play?
1. Historical sites in the city
2. Museums and Inca sites
3. Urban small zoo
4. Amaru Zoo: you need to take a taxi, but it’s worth visiting
|18||Guayaquil||Guayaquil is the largest city in Ecuador and the economic, industrial, and foreign trade center. It is known as the “coastal pearl of the Pacific Ocean”.|
The tourist resources here are general, but since you are here, you should not miss the riverside walkways and the colorful slums.
|19||Galapagos||The geology, geomorphology, and biodiversity of the Galapagos Islands are unique in the world.|